The hospitality business involves welcoming services and relaxing environment. From restaurants to hotels, resorts, and even theme parks, facilities are designed with the intent of transporting guest from the world of the ordinary to a special time and place. Lighting design plays a key role in hospitality.
The lighting design should be specific to the function of each space. The long-term flexibility of lighting with respect to reconfiguration is minimal as the hospitality facilities are not renovated without a relatively complete replacement of lighting systems. Hospitality facilities are designed specifically for apparent use; a hotel lobby will always be a lobby, and a restaurant will remain a restaurant. Flexibility in design is needed rather in exhibition halls, ballrooms, meeting rooms, and conference centres, where rearranging seating, partitions, and lighting schemes is important.
Lighting designs for high-end hospitality projects employ layered lighting designs where the ambient light is the apparent light source, while concealed architectural lighting often provides the task illumination. Most hospitality designs rely heavily on decorative chandeliers, sconces, pendants, table lamps, floor lamps, and other highly styled lights that play a critical role in interior design.
Lighting design in a hotel generally goes hand in hand with interior design. Few important areas of hospitality lighting are restaurants, hotel lobby areas, guestrooms, ball rooms.
1. The primary visual task in ‘lighting a restaurant’ is the dining area in either fine dining restaurant or a family-style restaurant.
2. Style, appearance, and aesthetics are dominant considerations for ‘Lobby lighting’. Decorative lighting (chandeliers, table lamps, and gentle lighting details featuring warm-toned light) accentuates the entrance lobby of a hotel.
3. The ‘hotel guest room’ must be designed to convey a residential feeling. Ceiling-mounted, recessed lights along with table lamps and wall-mounted lamps are common solutions. Usually the challenge is to provide sufficient light to satisfy the tasks.
4. A ‘ballroom’ in a hotel is a multipurpose room; it as well serves as a banquet hall, exhibit hall, convention hall, meeting room, recital room, theatre, showroom, classroom, reception hall, church and studio. The best approach is to determine the visual tasks common to ballroom functions and to make both permanent and flexible provisions to illuminate them.
One of the challenges of hospitality lighting is to create adequate illumination while achieving the necessary style, theme, and drama. It is important to identify the visual tasks then design illumination for them.